Armin Schmidt


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I am an archaeological geophysicist and IT pioneer, initially trained as a physicist with a PhD from the RWTH Aachen, Germany. I have applied novel methods of geophysical prospection worldwide from Ecuador to Iran, Nepal and Japan, working as a researcher, and consultant to UNESCO. I am is Founder and Honorary Secretary of the International Society for Archaeological Prospection (ISAP), as well as co-founder of the Archaeology Data Service (ADS) and of the Bradford Centre for Archaeological Prospection (B-CAP).

My specialisations are in near-surface geophysics for archaeological prospection and geoarchaeology; geodata processing; and computer applications in archaeology. My main archaeological interests are Middle-Eastern prehistory and South Asian archaeology.

I have written books on geophysical data in archaeology, and on magnetometer and earth resistance surveys for archaeologists.

After obtaining a physics PhD from the RWTH Aachen, Germany, I worked in the Department of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford (UK) from 1993 to 2010 as a Senior Lecturer, leading the archaeological geophysics research group after Arnold Aspinall's retirement. In 2010 I founded GeodataWIZ, which specialises in advanced processing and visualisation of geodata and geoinformatics. I holds honorary appointments with the archaeology departments of the University of Bradford and Durham University.



  • Schmidt, A., Paul Linford, Neil Linford, Andrew David, Chris Gaffney, Apostolos Sarris and Jörg Fassbinder 2015.
    Guidelines for the use of Geophysics in Archaeology: Questions to Ask and Points to Consider.
    Namur: Europae Archaeologia Consilium (EAC).

    Details and download on the ISAP Web site.

  • Schmidt, A. 2013. Earth Resistance for Archaeologists.
    Lanham: AltaMira Press.

    Publisher's web page.
    The book is available from Amazon.

  • Schmidt, A. 2013.
    ADS Guide to Good Practice: Geophysical Data in Archaeology - 2nd fully revised edition.
    Oxford: Oxbow Books.

    The book is available from
    Oxbow and from
    Wiki version is Open Access.
Selection of journal articles:

  • Schmidt, A. & G. Tsetskhladze 2013.
    Raster was Yesterday: Using Vector Engines to Process Geophysical Data.
    Archaeological Prospection 20(1): 59-65.

    DOI: 10.1002/arp.1443 (subscription required),

  • Quigley, M., M. Fattahi, R. Sohbati & A. Schmidt 2011.
    Palaeoseismicity and pottery: investigating earthquake and archaeological
    chronologies on the Hajiarab alluvial fan, Iran.
    Quaternary International 242(1): 185-195.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.04.023 (subscription required).

  • Schmidt, A., M. Quigley, M. Fattahi, G. Azizi, M. Maghsoudi & H. Fazeli 2011.
    Holocene settlement shifts and palaeoenvironments on the Central Iranian Plateau:
    investigating linked systems.
    The Holocene 21(4): 583-595.

    DOI: 10.1177/0959683610385961 (subscription required),

  • Coningham, R., P. Gunawardhana, M. Manuel, G. Adikari, M. Katugampola, R. Young,
    A. Schmidt, K. Krishnan, I. Simpson, G. McDonnell & C. Batt 2007.
    The state of theocracy: defining an early medieval hinterland in Sri Lanka.
    Antiquity 81(313): 699-719.

    DOI: 10.1017/S0003598X00095673 (subscription required)